The European Union’s new data protection rules, which take impact on Could 25, will give folks extra management over the way in which their private data is used on-line.
They comply with scandals involving lax private knowledge safety procedures corresponding to at Fb the place US-British political analysis agency Cambridge Analytica was in a position to harvest the information of 87 million customers.
In one other case, Grindr, the self-proclaimed world’s largest homosexual courting app, admitted in April to sharing knowledge on its shoppers’ HIV standing with third social gathering software program distributors.
Such scandals are, nevertheless, much less frequent than circumstances wherein knowledge are stolen by means of hacking assaults on web sites.
Listed here are among the greatest:
Yahoo, billions hacked
In what is taken into account the largest cyber-attack in historical past, a 2013 hack affected all three billion accounts at Yahoo.
The disclosure in October 2017 by Verizon, which acquired Yahoo’s on-line belongings in June, revised upward the preliminary estimate of 1 billion accounts affected.
Yahoo stated the stolen consumer data didn’t embody passwords in clear textual content, fee card knowledge or checking account data.
The disclosure threatened the sale to Verizon, which lastly secured a cheaper price.
One other hacking assault on Yahoo affected some 500 million accounts in 2014 however was solely revealed in September 2016, for which its monetary arm Altaba was fined $35 million (roughly Rs 238 crores).
Uber off the street
The ride-sharing big was vilified after the hacking in 2016 of knowledge on 57 million of its riders and drivers, unveiled solely in November 2017.
It was additionally criticised for paying the hackers $100,000 (roughly Rs. 68 lakh) to destroy their booty.
Investigations have been opened in america and Europe.
Equifax loses credit score
A breach by main American credit score company Equifax in September 2017 is seen as probably extra damaging than that of Yahoo due to the sensitivity of the information leaked.
Equifax stated hackers obtained names, social safety numbers, start dates, addresses and a few driver’s licence numbers, probably exposing victims to id theft.
It stated the breach might have affected greater than 147 million US, Canadian and British shoppers.
The corporate was sued for having recognized however not corrected the breach, for having inadequate safety techniques and for delaying reporting the issue.
Its chiefs had been additionally suspected of insider buying and selling as they offered shares earlier than the hacking was revealed.
In August 2014 on-line knowledge safety agency Maintain Safety claimed that Russian hackers had accessed 1.2 billion passwords linked to 420,000 web websites world wide, from company giants to particular person accounts.
Maintain Safety pointed to a gaggle of hackers referred to as CyberVor, which it stated had probably gained entry to 500 million e-mail accounts. There was no main fallout from the announcement.
Taking intention at Goal
The US retail big was hit by a pc assault in December 2013 that affected 110 million shoppers.
Seventy million might need misplaced private knowledge together with names, addresses, cellphone numbers and e-mail accounts, whereas 40 million financial institution accounts and bank cards had been additionally put in danger.
In August 2015 hackers calling themselves The Affect Staff revealed practically 30 gigabytes of recordsdata together with the names and sexual orientation of people that had signed up with Ashley Madison, an internet site facilitating extra-marital affairs.
The corporate’s boss stepped down as a number of suicides in america and Canada had been linked to the revelations.
Ashley Madison had earlier provided to delete customers’ private knowledge for a modest charge however didn’t.